Flowering Quince Jam

Flowering quince (Chaenomeles japonica) fruit

Remember when I talked about quinces?

Yep, those tiny little bright-gold fruit that I’d picked on some ornamental bushes in my neighborhood – well, the other weekend, I picked some more of them off another bush, and then I was faced with a reality of – I still hadn’t bought vodka or rum needed to infuse alcohol with these, and I have bought a bag of sugar.  And I have jars.  And the amount of quinces in the bag in the fridge had grown quite respectable.  Eh, I thought, jam it is!

Well, let me put it this way – the tiny fruit do put up a bloody fight!  I quartered, and I scraped seeds, and I chopped and chopped and chopped until, what feels like hours later, the chopping was done.  Whew!

… and quartered, and cored, and chopped…

Right, I’d only preserved large quinces till now and really did not think about how much work these were, and for a short few moments I wondered if it will all be worth it… until the water and sugar and quinces warmed up in the pan, and the scent hit me.  Oh, oh, oh yes!  It’s worth it!

And then came the boiling and the stirring, and the color slowly deepening to a gorgeous rose-orange, and the scent permeating the entire house – oh, definitely worth the effort of this morning!

and ready, and the lid-vacuum has been achieved!

My recipe for quince jam is my own, which I have based very loosely on a traditional Greek quince jam, but with a few tweaks that make me happier about the result.  I’d never made it with japanese flowering quince (Chaenomeles japonica) fruit before, but the only difference was that the fruit softened faster, creating a mushier, and to me, even more attractive jam.  There is also a scent difference between Chaenomeles and Cydonia fruit, but it is not a qualitative one – or at least not insofar that one is better than the other.  They differe slightly, and in my opinion, this one is no worse.  It is somewhat like a difference between strawberries and raspberries – each have their adherents, and most (like myself) love both.  Which is to say, if you have got a bush of flowering quince and always wondered whether there was use for the fruit – there is.  And this is it.  And you should make it, lick the spoon like a maniac, jar it, and devour it gluttonously give it away as presents.  Unless you are ok with eating loads of jam yourself – in which case, devour away!

Quinces are naturally high in pectin, which means that the jam thickens without adding any – though this specific recipe produces a softly thickened jam, rather than a set knife-sliceable marmalade, and I prefer it that way.  I do have a recipe for another type of preserves made out of Cydonia fruit, which turns ruby-red and sets hard enough to cut into slices.  But that’s not what this is all about.

What you need (makes 1L of jam):

  • Jars of your choice to put it in.
  • Large, tall pot in which to process them post-sealing.
  • 800g of quince fruit (whole), which, once washed, cored, chopped, soaked in water and drained, translates to ~600g of quince fruit (prepared)
  • 400g sugar
  • 1 lemon (zested, and juice squeezed out)
  • 4-6 whole cloves
  • 1 tablespoon rosewater (optional, but it makes the jam utterly lush – if you have some on hand and don’t hate the scent of roses, definitely use it!)

How to do it:

  • Put your jars into an oven set to 75°C and leave them in there for the duration.
  • Pour half the lemon juice into a large mixing bowl and then half-fill the bowl with cold water.
  • Wash, quarter, core and chop quinces into small slices.  Quince fruit tends to oxidize when cut, so drop each handful of chopped quince into the water with added lemon juice as you work.
  • When all the fruit is prepared, drain the quinces in a colander and weigh them.  If you have 600g, great.  If not, no huge problem, simply calculate the amount of sugar you’ll need from a 2:3 proportion of sugar:quinces.  Unless the amount is double or more, no need to increase the lemon, but you can increase the cloves and rosewater proportionally.
  • Dump the quinces into a clean, non-reactive (stainless steel) cookpot, add just enough water to nearly come to the top of the quinces, and bring to a boil.
  • Cook for about 5-10 minutes until quinces are soft.  This will depend on your variety of quinces – Cydonia (true quince) took longer than this, if I remember correctly.
  • Add the sugar, cloves, lemon zest, and half the remaining lemon juice.  Reduce heat to medium and cook the jam, stirring with a wooden from time to time to prevent sticking, until the fruit has broken down and the liquid has reduced to desired level.
  • Add the remaining lemon juice and the rosewater, stir well and boil 15 more minutes.
  • Turn the heat off or take the pot off the burner and allow to stand 15-30 minutes.
  • Ladle into hot jars and seal.
  • Boil water in a large, tall cookpot and lower the sealed jars into it when the water is hot but not yet boiling.  Bring to a boil and heat-process for 5-10 minutes.
  • Remove jars from pot using jar tongs, or a spatula and an oven mitt.  Place jars on a wooden board to cool.
  • After 12-24 hours (once the jars are entirely cool to touch), gently test the seals by pressing down on screw-caps to see if vacuum has been achieved, or by unlocking the wire lock and seeing if the lid remains shut.  You want to achieve vacuum post-cooling so that the food is sealed in the jar and microorganisms aren’t getting in.
  • IF the vacuum has NOT been achieved (the screw-cap has not gotten sucked in and makes a pop noise when pressed, or the glass jar lid pops open the moment you release the clasp), stick the jar(s) in the fridge immediately and eat within a week.  Don’t keep it at room temperature any longer to avoid bacterial growth and all sorts of unpleasantness.
  • If the vacuum has been achieved, store in a cool dry place away from direct sunlight.  I imagine this will keep for a year, but it’s never lasted that long in my house.

This works great on toast, on some buttered scones, or over vanilla ice cream.  …Oops, didn’t I tell you to give it away?  Too late now!

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5 thoughts on “Flowering Quince Jam

    • The quinces, I sadly wouldn’t try – without knowing how long they’d be in the mail and at what temp, and how professionals ship fruit, you may receive a box of rotted mess. :(

      The jam, perhaps – though this batch is spoken for! :D

  1. Pingback: Of Fresh Yellow Dates And Good Manners « Eat The Roses

  2. I used flowering quince to make poached quince (quartered). I want to serve them over ice cream. They were so tart that the sugar liquid became tart instead of the fruit becoming sweet. I didn’t seal them, simply put them in the refrigerator bec. I want to use them in a few days. Any ideas about sweetening them–or are they meant to be tart? Also mine are pale yellow instead of the beautiful rose everyone describes. Will they turn rose?

    • Hi and thank you for visiting my blog! Apologies for slow reply – we are in the middle of a move right now, so I am surrounded by boxes and not online as much as I’d normally be.

      It sounds to me like you have possibly used somewhat underripe fruit – they turn deeper rose or orange if they are more ripe. The color may also deepen as they stand. As far as tartness – they are supposed to be pretty tart fruit, however, without knowing how much sugar you used in your poaching recipe, I cannot tell you how to rectify it. My initial thought would be reheating them in their syrup and adding more sugar till it’s to your taste, then refrigerating them again until use.

      In the future, I’d recommend using Cydonia (tree quince) for poaching – it tends to be sweeter, and using the flowering quince fruit to make more sugary preparations such as syrup or preserves.

      Good luck and enjoy them! After all, if the ice cream is sweet enough on its own, the tartness may just compliment it as it is!

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